deals. Regards ]]>

And i’m glad reading your article. But want to remark on some general things,

The website style is perfect, the articles is really great :

D. Good job, cheers ]]>

Lochschmidt gravito-thermal theory is correct. It is derived from the First Law and is consisent with the other laws also.

]]>It’s also my understanding that only a fraction of the lines has been measured, while the most by count have been only calculated. All the strongest lines have, however, been both measured and calculated as far as I have understood.

There are 7,400,447 spectral lines in the present database. Measuring most of those would be obvious waste of effort.

The HITRAN2012 database contains about 300.000 lines for CO2 (128,170 for the main isotopes). About 140,000 measured line positions and 44,000 measured intensities of various isotopologues were used. Thus only 15% of the intensities are based on measurements, while the share is close to 50% for the positions.

]]>Using that approach or something like it, it’s possible to calculate the frequencies and Einstein coefficients for the vibrational and rotational transitions of simple molecules like CO2 *ab initio*. In fact, I believe that’s been done for the majority of lines in the HITRAN database.

The derivation of your link is based on accepting some formulas and using consistency requirements to figure out, what the relationships between the coefficients must be. That’s the original approach of Einstein in 1917, when Quantum Mechanics was not available for understanding from the basics, what determines the constants and gives then values that satisfy those relationships.

The situation is not fully satisfactory without the QM derivation of the coefficients. This is not the place to go deep enough to QM, but some idea of that can be obtained from a href=”http://electron6.phys.utk.edu/qm2/modules/m10/einstein.htm”>this presentation.

There may be better explanations, but this the first one that I found.

Basically the result is based on the time reversal symmetry of QM and on the properties of electromagnetic radiation and its interaction with matter.

The formulas contain transition amplitudes that are unchanged, when the initial and final states are interchanged. The bosonic nature of photos plays also an important role in more advanced derivations.

]]>The inner surface emits radiation and absorbs radiation. In steady state these values are equal.

If you claim a surface (above 0K) with non zero emissivity does not emit radiation then you either:

– have no idea what is taught in all heat radiation textbooks, or

– have a new discovery for the world

Heat radiation textbooks give a formula for emission of thermal radiation from a surface. This value = emissivity x absolute temperature to the 4th power x Stefan Boltzmann constant

It is always the same formula.

Either produce your textbooks or explain how your new discovery overturns the last 150 years of physics.

]]>It was all going so well until you calculated a radiant heat output from the inner surface.

“What is the Radiation Emitted from the Inner Surface?”

Zero. Nothing. Nil.

The inner surface isn’t radiating anything. It is absorbing. Approx 23.87W/m2.

A.

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